human behavior and the social environment i response

Myths of Sexual Violence:

Respond to a colleague’s post by offering a reason as to why his or her identified myths are so prevalent and persistent. Please use the Learning Resources to support your answer.

Colleague: Ieshia

The most harmful myth of sexual violence is victim blamed rape. “This perspective assumes that the survivor is actually to blame for the rape-that the woman asked for it” (Zastrow, Kirst-Ashman & Hessenauer, 2019, pg 435). This way of thinking is harmful because it doesn’t hold the attacker responsible. No one asked to be raped or harassed. The victim not only has to carry the burden of the incident but now he/she is carrying the blame. The healing process can’t happen, and the individual is not able to work through their emotions. The attacker never learns from their mistake and continues to commit sexual violence. The attacker needs to be held responsible and the victim deserves to heal properly.


Zastrow, C. H., Kirst-Ashman, K. K., & Hessenauer, S. L. (2019). Understanding human

behavior and the social environment (11th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Bystander Intervention:

Respond to a colleague’s post by explaining possible psychological effects one may experience as a result of being a bystander to an occurring or potential act of sexual violence. Please use the Learning Resources to support your answer.

Colleague: Tamberly

Bystander intervention is when those who witness potential violence and can intervene in hopes of preventing violence. In the video of Talia, there where many bystanders, including her friend, who could have stepped in but did not. Talia’s friend Sharon noticed that she was intoxicated. She also questioned if it was a good idea to up to the room with the guy. Because Talia said yes, Sharon assumed it was ok. At this point, Sharon could have initiated the bystander intervention by suggesting that she take Talia home instead of her going up to his room. If other bystanders witnessed the guy pouring Talia more drink in her cup, they could have stepped in and said that she did not need anymore. The bystanders in this video could have taken responsibility for Talia to ensure her safety.

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., Brocksen S. (Eds.). (2014). Sessions: Case histories. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].