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According to Falkner and Green (2018) the references therein, there are a long list of risk factors, including “family history, Caucasian, increased age, female, small stature, fair pale skin, thin build, early menopause, late menarche, nulliparity, obesity, weight below normal, acidosis, low dietary calcium and vitamin D intake, high caffeine intake, sedentary life style, smoker, excessive alcohol consumption, liver or kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis”. A nurse should focus on the risk factors that are behavioral or lifestyle related and advocate health promotion in those areas accordingly, such as controlling one’s weight to a healthy range, quitting smoking, developing an active lifestyle, having a healthy diet including enough calcium and vitamin D, and reducing caffeine and alcohol consumption. These approaches will help slow the development of osteoporosis.